What constitutes consent?

Consent is the act of willingly agreeing to engage in specific sexual behavior.

Silence or non-communication must never be interpreted as consent. Additionally, a person in a state of diminished judgment cannot consent. Consent requires that a person be able to freely choose between two options: yes and no. A person is incapable of giving consent if s/he is asleep, unconscious, or otherwise unable to communicate. No one who has been threatened, coerced or drugged can consent. A person is unable to give consent when s/he is under the influence of alcohol and/or drugs, or is not competent to give consent due to mental illness. A current or prior sexual or dating relationship does not constitute consent.

A person can withdraw consent at any time during the course of a sexual encounter. Pursuing sexual contact in any form with an unwilling or un-consenting partner is sexual assault. Both parties must understand consent, with responsibility for discerning correct judgment resting upon the person making the sexual advance.